AI & Ethics

Technological advancements pose new and unprecedented ethical questions that humanity will have to deal with. The world will surely not become a better place if our conscious or unconscious biases make their way into algorithms. AI should be fair. In the end, it comes down to this: Do we want to model the world as it is, or as it should be?


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Summaries

An artificial-intelligence tool called Trial Pathfinder can run clinical-trial emulations using healthcare data from people with cancer, and can learn how to optimize trial-inclusion eligibility criteria, while maintaining patient safety.

Chunhua Weng and James R. Rogers

Nature, 2021

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Top Global Historical Trends Shaping Humankind Today

Kara Swisher et al.

sponsor Landmark Bank, 2021

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Growing use of surveillance technology has prompted calls for bans and stricter regulation.

Antoaneta Roussi and Richard Van Noorden

Nature, 2020

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The technology is improving – but the bigger issue is how it’s used.

Antoaneta Roussi et al.

Nature, 2020

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Artificial intelligence and brain–computer interfaces must respect and preserve people’s privacy, identity, agency and equality, say Rafael Yuste, Sara Goering and colleagues.

Joseph J. Fins et al.

Nature, 2017

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Identify sources of inequity, de-bias training data and develop algorithms that are robust to skews in data, urge James Zou and Londa Schiebinger.

James Zou and Londa Schiebinger

Nature, 2018

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The Science of Socially Aware Algorithm Design

Michael Kearns and Aaron Roth

Oxford UP, 2019

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An ethical framework will help to harness the potential of AI while keeping humans in control

Mariarosaria Taddeo and Luciano Floridi

Science, 2018

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Forecasting, Prevention, and Mitigation

Miles Brundage et al.

Malicious AI Report, 2018

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