Sharp Power

While by no means a new phenomenon, strategic efforts mostly by authoritarian regimes to weaken their adversaries by means of media manipulation or stealth propaganda have, in our age of digital mass communication, reached new levels of effectiveness and sophistication. These summaries present the latest research and offer policy recommendations.


The Weaponization of Social Media

Emerson T. Brooking and P. W. Singer

Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2018

How Russia’s Intelligence Agencies Menace the UK

Andrew Foxall

Henry Jackson Society, 2018

Rising Authoritarian Influence

Christopher Walker et al.

NED, 2017

How the Kremlin built one of the most powerful information weapons of the 21st century — and why it may be impossible to stop.

Jim Rutenberg

New York Times Magazine, 2017

Understanding Russian Influence in Central and Eastern Europe

Heather A. Conley

CSIS, 2016

An Initial Exploration of the Diminishing Role of Facts and Analysis in American Public Life

Michael D. Rich

Rand Corporation, 2018


Dmitri Trenin

Polity Press, 2016

Putin, Ukraine, and the New Cold War

Marvin Kalb

Brookings Institution Press, 2015

He Predicted The 2016 Fake News Crisis. Now He's Worried About An Information Apocalypse.

Charlie Warzel

Buzzfeed, 2018