In: Politics

The Syrian Conflict

What began in 2011 with unrest in the wake of the Arab Spring is now a multisided armed conflict fought between government forces and their allies and various forces opposing both the government and each other in varying combinations. These summaries explain how the Syrian conflict came about, what caused it and whose interests are involved.


7 Book

Fragile Nation, Shattered Land

The Modern History of Syria
James A. Reilly
Lynne Rienner, 2018
8 Article

Hard Truths in Syria

America Can’t Do More With Less, and It Shouldn’t Try
Brett McGurk
Foreign Affairs, 2019
7 Article

Iran’s Real Enemy in Syria

At a time of economic hardship, Tehran has provided billions of dollars to help Assad crush Islamist rebels. The question is why.
Karim Sadjadpour
The Atlantic, 2018
8 Article

How Syria Came to This

A story of ethnic and sectarian conflict, international connivance, and above all civilian suffering
Andrew Tabler
The Atlantic, 2018
7 Article
Amatzia Baram
GIS, 2018
9 Article
Robert F. Worth
New York Times Magazine, 2017
8 Article
Robert F. Kennedy, Jr.
Politico Magazine, 2016
8 Report

Deconstructing Syria

Towards a Regionalized Strategy for a Confederal Country
Michael O’Hanlon
Brookings Institution, 2015
7 Book

Inheriting Syria

Bashar's Trial by Fire
Flynt Leverett
Brookings Institution Press, 2005

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