Summary of 10 Breakthrough Technologies 2020

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10 Breakthrough Technologies 2020 summary
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MIT Technology Review’s 10 Breakthrough Technologies for 2020 outlines scientific discoveries, available now or in the very near future, that could most profoundly change people’s lives. Included this year: unhackable internet service; individual designer drugs; the proliferation of digital currency; anti-aging treatments; AI molecule searches for better medicines; satellite constellations boosting remote internet access; new uses for quantum computers, tiny, powerful AI apps for phones; bolstering Census privacy; and more accurate climate change forecasts.

About the Authors

Authors include: Russ Juskalian, a freelance science writer; Antonio Regalado, senior editor, biomedicine, MIT Technology Review; Mike Orcutt, senior blockchain reporter, MIT Technology Review; Adam Piore, an award-winning journalist based in New York; David Rotman, editor at large, MIT Technology Review; Neel V. Patel, reporter, space, MIT Technology Review; Gideon Lichfield, editor in chief, MIT Technology ReviewKaren Hao, senior reporter, AI, MIT Technology Review; Angela Chen, senior editor, policy and ethics, MIT Technology ReviewJames Temple, senior editor, energy, MIT Technology Review; Ramin Skibba, a journalist, science writer, and astrophysicist; and Erika Check Hayden, an American science journalist and director of the Science Communication Program at University of California.



Within five years, unhackable internet communications based on quantum physics could be possible.

A team at Delft University of Technology in the Netherlands is constructing an internet that connects four cities via quantum technology. Researchers have previously been able to securely transmit pairs of photons across fiber optic cables, but an inherent risk of hacking still existed.

Entangled particles are difficult to create and transmit, but the Delft team has already sent them over a 1.5 km distance. They project establishment of a quantum link between the University and the Hague by the end of 2020, using repeaters to extend the network’s range.

Highly individualized drugs can now be designed to affect one person’s genes, addressing rare diseases.

Scientists were able to successfully treat a young girl’s genetic malfunction within a year using drugs made uniquely for her. The girl, Mila Makovec, is now able to walk by herself and has fewer seizures than before treatment. Such one-person drugs could be administered through gene editing, gene replacement or antisense (a form of DNA “silencing”). They can also ...

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    O. K. 2 months ago
    Flaw in the chapter on digital currencies! <br>"The People’s Bank of China quickly replied with its own digital currency, “renminbi.”" <br>Renminbi is just the Chinese name for their currency. Whoever wrote that obviously has no idea about central bank digital currencies (CBDCs). Overall low quality summary...