Summary of Ripple Effect

To obsessed water engineer Marc Edwards, the lead crisis in Flint is just the beginning of an epidemic.


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Ripple Effect summary
Flint, Michigan’s water catastrophe may be just the tip of the iceberg.


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Is the Flint, Michigan, hazardous water catastrophe a precursor to a wider epidemic throughout the United States? The story of Marc Edwards’s fight to educate and mobilize citizens in Washington, DC, and Flint provides a sobering cautionary tale about the dangers of contaminated water supplies. Fast Company senior writer Ben Paynter’s heartbreaking narrative offers a glimmer of hope for grassroots partnerships between communities and scientists. getAbstract recommends this article to people who care about environmental issues.

In this summary, you will learn

  • How Flint, Michigan, residents to took charge of their water contamination problems; and
  • How environmental engineer Marc Edwards helped mobilize the community.


Marc Edwards, a Virginia Tech environmental engineering professor, is a trusted scientist and hero to many residents of Flint, Michigan. Edwards has a history of wrestling with municipal bureaucracy. In 2003, the Cadmus Group – a subcontractor for the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) – hired...
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About the Author

Ben Paynter is a senior writer at Fast Company and a James Beard Award winner.

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