Summary of The Future of Employment

How Susceptible Are Jobs to Computerisation?

Oxford Martin,

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The Future of Employment summary
How will innovations in computer technology change America’s jobs landscape in the coming years?


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Will a computer take over your job? Carl Benedikt Frey and Michael A. Osborne of the University of Oxford offer an overview of how past technological developments shaped employment in the Unites States and analyze how up-and-coming innovations may affect the work landscape in the future. Their persuasive findings include the percentage and types of jobs which could vanish and how computerization relates to salaries and educational achievement. getAbstract recommends this article to everyone interested in the impact of technology on employment.

In this summary, you will learn

  • How technology shaped employment in the United States in the 19th and 20th centuries
  • How technology is changing work in the 21st century
  • What types of jobs are most and least at risk of elimination from computerization in the coming years


Technological innovation has always sparked fears about human job losses. And, in many ways, these fears are well-founded: Technology does eradicate some jobs, but the changes wrought by innovation also open up new employment opportunities for those able and willing to adapt.

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About the Authors

Carl Benedikt Frey, PhD, is co-director of the Oxford Martin Program on Technology and Employment. Michael A. Osborne, PhD, is an associate professor in machine learning at the University of Oxford.

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