Summary of White Paper on the Future of Europe

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White Paper on the Future of Europe summary


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On the eve of the 60th anniversary of the Treaty of Rome, European Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker outlines five paths the European Union – still reeling from the aftershocks of Brexit and the rise of national populism in Europe – might take going forward. Rather than describing a bold vision of the future, Juncker strikes a moderate tone when describing how the EU might use its pooled resources to tackle existential pressures. getAbstract recommends this white paper to policy makers and business professionals with stakes in the EU market.

In this summary, you will learn

  • What challenges the European Union faces, 
  • What areas the current EU reform agenda focuses on,
  • What alternative strategy options are available for tackling common policy issues.

About the Author

Jean-Claude Juncker, a former prime minister of Luxembourg, is the president of the European Commission.



Since the 1957 Treaty of Rome started a process of European integration, Europe has enjoyed decades of peace and prosperity. But the EU faces internal and external challenges. “Europe’s place in the world is shrinking” in relation to emerging economies. Furthermore, significant increases in defense spending around the world and troop buildups on Europe’s eastern borders are forcing EU member states to invest more in their military capabilities. The continued influx of migrants into Europe is straining resources and causing internal tensions. Growing isolationist sentiments are threatening the union’s free trade policies, a main driver of prosperity. As Europe is still recovering from the global financial and economic crisis, long-term unemployment and high public and private debt remain crucial issues of concern. Europe’s aging population will put high demands on government resources, as does the challenge of automation, which will require large-scale investments in education and skills retraining. Five scenarios outline the directions the EU might take:

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