Summary of Normal Is Over

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In terms of both personal style and political rhetoric, Donald Trump is unlike any other modern US president. But is “Trumpism” just an aberration, or is it a new paradigm that will reshape Europe and the transatlantic alliance for years to come? Constanze Stelzenmüller, a senior fellow at the Brookings Institution, takes the latter view. She warns that Europeans’ fixation on Trump himself ignores key implications of the ideological sentiments he expresses – a zeitgeist that is not uniquely American yet challenges the very foundations of the Western world.

In this summary, you will learn

  • Why “Trumpism” will outlast the presidency of Donald Trump,
  • How the “America First” ideology could affect Europe and
  • Why Trump’s attack on globalization could endanger the liberal world order.  

About the Author

Constanze Stelzenmüller is the inaugural Robert Bosch Senior Fellow at the Center on the United States and Europe at the Brookings Institution.



A year into US president Donald Trump’s administration, many Europeans feel thankful that many of their worst fears have not come to pass. The United States has reaffirmed its commitment to NATO, refrained from armed conflict with North Korea and avoided a trade war. Nevertheless, “Trumpism” marks a major shift in US policy and has profound implications that will outlast Trump’s presidency. 

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