Summary of Making Thinking Visible

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Making Thinking Visible book summary


8 Overall

9 Applicability

8 Innovation

7 Style


Innovative teachers and researchers Ron Ritchhart, Mark Church and Karin Morrison present vibrant teaching examples from real classroom applications. They offer 21 strategies for engaging students and encouraging them to think more creatively and to share their thoughts. These techniques also promote a better understanding of exactly how students think. Teachers will find practical exercises and routines they can use in many situations to elicit discussion, debate, reflection and creative thought. The authors’ approach also has relevance for educational administrators and for adult educators, who can apply variations of many of the exercises for older learners in the workplace. getAbstract recommends these worthwhile methods to teachers needing proven thought-provoking, class-participation tools.

In this summary, you will learn

  • How to stimulate students’ creativity and critical thinking,
  • Why “visible thinking” is important in education, and
  • How to use 21 techniques to encourage students to share their thoughts.

About the Authors

Ron Ritchhart, Mark Church and Karin Morrison are teachers and researchers. Their book includes an instructional DVD.



“Making Thinking Visible”
Students can pass tests without understanding the material, but that’s not the objective of education. They can listen carefully without learning, but true learning springs from a deeper level of thinking. The pressures of standardized testing, however, emphasize...

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