Summary of Foragers, Farmers, and Fossil Fuels

How Human Values Evolve

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Foragers, Farmers, and Fossil Fuels book summary
How your culture takes energy from the environment shapes your values.

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In this ambitious treatise, historian Ian Morris argues that how societies get fuel for energy from the environment determines their values. When a society’s ability to capture energy changes, its values change. Morris tracks three major societal systems: Foragers came first, then farmers, then the age of fossil fuel. This work grew from Morris’s Tanner Lectures on Human Values at Princeton in 2012, and retains the accessibility of really good lectures. Morris includes critiques from historians Richard Seaford and Jonathan Spence, philosopher Christine Korsgaard and dystopian novelist Margaret Atwood. getAbstract recommends Morris’s big picture and fascinating details to anyone interested in ethics, culture, values and social change – and in how these factors shape technology and vice versa.

In this summary, you will learn

  • What factors shape culture and values
  • How stages of energy availability shaped human development
  • What influences drive cultural evolution
 

Summary

Human Culture and Values
Human culture and values evolve over time. The dominant factor shaping human culture is how people capture fuel for energy from their environment. Human history moved through three main stages, each with its own values. Foraging cultures came first. Foragers support...
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About the Author

Ian Morris is Willard Professor of Classics at Stanford. He is the author of Why the West Rules – For Now, War: What is it Good For? and numerous articles and books.


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