Summary of Food Prices and the Multiplier Effect of Trade Policy


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Food Prices and the Multiplier Effect of Trade Policy summary
Nations’ trade policies to affect or respond to global food prices often elicit unintended adverse consequences.


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The merit of government intervention in free markets is a hotly contended issue. When it comes to food prices, however, governments’ active trade policies seem to exacerbate existing problems. Economists Paolo Giordani, Nadia Rocha and Michele Ruta parse data on food price volatility between 2008 and 2011 that appear to support a positive correlation between policies designed to correct imbalances and higher food prices. Rich in formulaic expression, this scholarly analysis considers how, rather than preventing “food crises,” government can actually contribute to them. getAbstract recommends this report’s erudite insights to economists and policy makers.

In this summary, you will learn

  • Why global food prices fluctuate,
  • How governments attempt to stabilize food prices through trade actions and
  • How state intervention may worsen food price imbalances.


Global food prices are at the mercy of numerous influential factors, including declining food supplies, rising market demand in the developing world, changing monetary policy in developed countries and ongoing speculation. However, economists have long suspected that government trade policies also play...
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About the Authors

Paolo Giordani is an economics professor at LUISS Guido Carli University in Rome. Nadia Rocha is a senior economic adviser to Colombia’s Ministry of Trade. Michele Ruta is a lead economist at the World Bank.

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