Summary of Why Bail-In? And How!

Federal Reserve Bank of New York,

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Why Bail-In? And How! summary
“Bail-in,” rather than bail-out or bankruptcy, may be the best solution for big banks going bust.


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Years after the global financial crisis, US regulators are still struggling to create a system of orderly insolvency for too-big-to-fail financial institutions. In this short article, Federal Reserve Bank of New York attorney Joseph H. Sommer advocates the process known as “bail-in” and explains why it would best suit these institutions in case they face failure. Certainly, a bit of Latinate lawyer-speak intrudes into the report, but most readers will find it much more readable and far less turgid than the math-muddled discourses of the economists who typically write on such issues. If fact, because of the author’s short sentences, simple writing style and witty asides, this work is arguably one of the more accessible accounts of the technical aspects of bail-in, bankruptcy and insolvency. getAbstract recommends this analysis for its clarity as well as its informative content to interested readers as well as to financial professionals and policy makers.

In this summary, you will learn

  • How “megabanks” differ from other large financial institutions,
  • What new alternatives to bail-outs and bankruptcies might help megabanks if they become insolvent, and
  • What “bail-in” is and why it may be the best solution for handling too-big-to-fail banks that get into trouble.


What Is a “Megabank”?
In contrast to typical banks, megabanks are bigger, more complicated, more leveraged, and more likely to interconnect globally with other financial institutions. In fact, these “large international financial conglomerates” don’t even have to be banks; they could be...
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About the Author

Joseph H. Sommer is an assistant vice president and counsel at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York.

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