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The established technology start-up ecosystems in London, Berlin and Stockholm might garner more attention than those in Europe’s smaller capitals, but start-ups in these markets also generate plenty of innovation. These entrepreneurs show the same dedication and drive as their counterparts in larger communities, even as they confront different local challenges. A TMTpost news and media platform contributor, writing under the name “Helen” studied tech start-up clusters in Croatia, Italy, Switzerland and Norway. Her concise report outlines the special difficulties company founders confront in these less mature tech business ecosystems. getAbstract recommends her findings to tech entrepreneurs and investors seeking insight into diverse areas in Europe.

In this summary, you will learn

  • What special difficulties tech start-ups confront in smaller European business communities; and
  • How entrepreneurs in Croatia, Italy, Switzerland and Norway benefit from open markets in Europe.

About the Author

“Helen” contributes to the tech and media platform TMTpost and traveled across Europe exploring tech start-ups.



The tech start-up ecosystems in Croatia, Italy, Norway and Switzerland can’t match those of London, Berlin and Stockholm in size or maturity, but in innovation and dedication, they stand up to the big guys. Switzerland scores high in innovation. Entrepreneurs in these burgeoning ecosystems struggle for funding, as do their counterparts in Europe’s larger start-up centers. In smaller, less mature ecosystems, entrepreneurs work hard to raise money. In Italy and Norway, investors aren't familiar with start-up tech investing. Norwegian funders favor less risky investments, a side-effect of the nation’s strong welfare system. Entrepreneurs in Norway and Italy are working to educate investors about tech start-ups.

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