From 1975 to 1999, says gerontology professor Sarah Harper, demographers worried about population growth, which now has slowed except in some Middle Eastern and North African nations. In richer countries, the population is shrinking and the workforce is aging. When fertility falls, so does the ratio of young dependents to workers. This boosts economic growth until the population begins to age, and the society must tend its elders. Harper offers a detailed (very detailed) analysis of today’s demographics for planners and anyone interested in the future of working populations.
About the Author
University of Oxford gerontology professor Sarah Harper, DPhil, is the founding director of the Oxford Institute of Population Aging. Her other books include Is the Planet Full?, Families in Aging Societies, and Aging Societies: Myths, Challenges, and Opportunities.