Summary of How the Enlightenment Ends

Looking for the article?
We have the summary! Get the key insights in just 5 minutes.

How the Enlightenment Ends summary
Start getting smarter:
or see our plans




  • Innovative
  • Important
  • Eye Opening


Most people associate former US secretary of state Henry Kissinger with old-school political realism. In a new essay in The Atlantic, however, he strays from his usual foreign policy expertise to warn about a novel threat that has remained below the radar of most international relations experts: the rise of artificial intelligence. Although his article betrays that Kissinger is treading on new territory, his conclusion about the social implications of intelligent machines are worth considering. getAbstract recommends familiarizing yourself with Kissinger’s concerns.

About the Author

Henry A. Kissinger served as national security adviser and secretary of state to US presidents Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford. He has written widely on American foreign policy and diplomatic history.



The use of artificial intelligence (AI) in a growing number of human endeavors won’t only transform society and politics but will also challenge modern Western concepts of what it means to be human. Since the 18th-century Enlightenment, humans have placed individual insights over dogma, favored knowledge acquisition through the scientific method, and placed great faith in the human capacity to reason and reflect. 

The advent of the Internet has altered the way people acquire knowledge. Online search algorithms, including personalized search...

More on this topic

By the same author

On China

Customers who read this summary also read

Rise of the Machines
The Malicious Use of Artificial Intelligence
5 Distractions that Cloud Our Thinking About AI
How to Teach Artificial Intelligence Some Common Sense
Algorithm-Driven Design
Using Artificial Intelligence to Promote Diversity

Related Channels

Comment on this summary