Summary of Naturals and Strivers

Preferences and Beliefs About Sources of Achievement

Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin,

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Naturals and Strivers summary
Experts claim to favor those who “strive” to achieve, but research suggests they prefer “natural talent” without realizing it.


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Are so-called prodigies – Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Pablo Picasso, Bobby Fischer and Shirley Temple – more talented than those who “strive” for expertise? Most experts claim not. However, research from social psychologists Chia-Jung Tsay and Mahzarin R. Banaji reveals that authorities may, inadvertently, favor innate talent when evaluating performance. getAbstract believes this eye-opening examination will help those working in human resources and university admissions departments make better – and less biased – decisions for their organizations.

In this summary, you will learn

  • What constitutes “naturalness bias,”
  • What experiments revealed about the naturalness bias
  • What implications the naturalness bias has for hiring and admissions experts


In all walks of life – education, athletics, music, art, science and business – people evaluate the “talent” of others. The judgments of experts, in particular, can have a great influence on your future; they serve as “gatekeepers,” deciding whom to choose, reward, coach and promote. In the United States...
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About the Authors

Chia-Jung Tsay is an assistant professor in the University College London’s School of Management. Mahzarin R. Banaji is a social psychologist at Harvard University.

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