Summary of The Greatest Hits of the Human Genome

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DNA, alone, is useless: It cannot make a heart beat or a child laugh. DNA needs to be “read” and this reading occurs within a cell. Scientists often refer to DNA as life’s blueprint and for good reason. All living things have DNA and without it, life as we know it would not be possible. Genes are what distinguish dogs from lettuce, turtles from bacteria and one human being from another. In this article, science writer Elie Dolgin outlines some of the most studied genes of all time and their relevance to understanding human disease. getAbstract recommends this article to everyone who is alive.

In this summary, you will learn

  • What drives research on specific genes,
  • How these genes relate to health and disease, and
  • Which gene stole the spotlight in the search to treat Alzheimer’s disease.
 

About the Author

Dr. Elie Dolgin is a science writer in Somerville, Massachusetts. His writing has appeared in Nature, Discover, Scientific American, Nautilus, and elsewhere.

 

Summary

The United States’ National Library of Medicine (NLM) has a record of almost every researched gene and its function.

The majority of the most heavily researched genes are implicated in human disease. The US National Library of Medicine (NLM) has developed a database with information about genes and their function called “gene reference into function.” For a long time, researchers mostly focused on genes that encoded proteins on the outside of cells. Things have changed since scientists sequenced and subsequently published the entire human genome. Researchers can now look at DNA and investigate genes whose proteins were previously unknown.  


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