Summary of Turing

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Although it has taken decades, Alan Turing – the brilliant British mathematician, logician, World War II code breaker, computer scientist and theoretician of artificial intelligence and artificial life – has finally achieved his deserved recognition as the true father of the computer. Computer historian B. Jack Copeland details Turing’s colorful, tragic life and incredible accomplishments, portraying the awkward, eccentric scientist as an archetypal, quirky British intellectual. getAbstract recommends Copeland’s masterful telling of Turing’s astonishing life to those interested in computers, WWII, code-breaking, espionage, artificial intelligence and the political history of gay oppression.

About the Author

B. Jack Copeland, professor of philosophy at the University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand, is the director of the Turing Archive for the History of Computing.

 

Summary

Eccentric Genius

Alan Turing was born near Paddington Station in London on June 23, 1912. The son of wealthy parents, he attended Hazelhurst, a tony boarding school. He next enrolled at Dorset’s Sherborne School, where he developed his lifelong interest in mathematics. In 1931, he gained a scholarship to King’s College, Cambridge. He earned a fellowship and the prestigious Proceedings of the London Mathematical Society (LMS) became the first magazine to publish his research.

“The Universal Turing Machine”

In 1936, after investigating a foundational mathematics issue, Turing prepared a research report entitled “On Computable Numbers, with an Application to the Entscheidungsproblem.” Once again, the Proceedings of the LMS published his paper. Today, computer professionals consider it to be the bedrock of “modern computer science.”

Turing came to the United States to study at Princeton University. He earned his PhD in only 18 months, instead of the usual three years. In his thesis, Turing speculated presciently about “oracle machines” – “mathematical models of computers, such as laptops or smartphones, that are communicating...


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